Members of social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook spread messages and pleas to send help. Disasters Emergency Committee. The Guardian. In February Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildingshad collapsed or were severely damaged. LiveScience. Brazil announced R$375 million for long-term recovery aid, R$25 million of which in immediate funds. , Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and is ranked 149th of 182 countries on the Human Development Index. She blamed the international community for abandoning its commitments. This included all hospitals in the capital; air, sea, and land transport facilities; and communication systems. Vice. … When a 7.0 earthquake reduced Haiti to rubble, sparking one of the biggest international aid efforts in history, some experts predicted it would take the country a decade to get back to its feet. The 5.9-quake struck near Port-de-Paix, on the northwest coast of Haiti, less than 50 miles from Terre Blanche.  Although US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates had previously ruled out dropping food and water by air as too dangerous, by 16 January, US helicopters were distributing aid by drops to areas impossible to reach by land. Shaking damage was more severe than for other quakes of similar magnitude due to the quake's shallow depth. The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest) and approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.  Canadians were able to donate through the Humanitarian Coalition which distributed funds to partner organizations working in the field.  On 23 January the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors, and most search and rescue teams began to prepare to leave the country. The group, known as the New Life Children's Refuge, did not have proper authorization for transporting the children and were arrested on kidnapping charges. , On 15 January 2011, the Catholic Relief Services announced a US$200 million, five-year relief and reconstruction program that covers shelter, health, livelihoods, and child protection among its program areas.  Following the meeting with Secretary Clinton, President Préval stated that the highest priorities in Haiti's recovery were establishing a working government, clearing roads, and ensuring the streets were cleared of bodies to improve sanitary conditions. She writes about the U.S. Economy for The Balance.  The American Red Cross set a record for mobile donations, raising US$7 million in 24 hours when they allowed people to send US$10 donations by text messages.  A Korean International Disaster Relief Team with 40 rescuers, medical doctors, nurses and 2 k-9s was deployed to epicenters to assist mitigation efforts of Haitian Government. " Land ownership posed a particular problem for rebuilding because so many pre-quake homes were not officially registered.  Airport congestion was reduced on 18 January when the United Nations and US forces formally agreed to prioritise humanitarian flights over security reinforcement. 800px-Haiti_Earthquake_building_damage.jpg. , On 20 January, at 06:03 local time (11:03 UTC), the strongest aftershock since the earthquake, measuring magnitude 5.9 Mw, struck Haiti. " By 9 March 2010, all but Silsby were deported and she remained incarcerated. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Those flights that were rejected were diverted to the Dominican Republic, and their cargoes were unloaded and taken to Haiti by land.  President Préval asked for calm coordination between assisting nations without mutual accusations. 3,500,000 people were affected by the quake 3.  After the earthquake, thousands of Port-au-Prince residents began returning to the rural towns they came from. In July 2018, a government announcement of the termination of subsidies led to protests and civil unrest. After the process for the adoption of 400 children by families in the US and the Netherlands was expedited, Unicef and SOS Children urged an immediate halt to adoptions from Haiti. This will still be on our radar screen long after it's off the crawler at CNN. That made it difficult for relief efforts to reach the victims. The supercarrier USS Carl Vinson arrived at maximum possible speed on 15 January with 600,000 emergency food rations, 100,000 ten-litre water containers, and an enhanced wing of 19 helicopters; 130,000 litres of drinking water were transferred to shore on the first day.  After a United Nations call for help for the people affected by the earthquake, Canada pledged an additional C$60 million in aid on 19 January 2010, bringing Canada's total contribution to C$135 million. Normally, the airport, with a single runway and 10 spaces for large planes, handled 20 flights a day. As a result of the 2010 earthquake, more than 400,000 Haitians continue to live in tents and experienced the storm without adequate shelter.  Death toll estimates range from 100,000 to about 160,000 to Haitian government figures from 220,000 to 316,000, although these latter figures are a matter of some dispute. , In the aftermath of the earthquake, the government of Canada announced that it would match the donations of Canadians up to a total of C$50 million. The public affairs office of the Red Cross disputed NPR and ProPublica's claims in an email, and claimed that their investigative report could cause an international incident. A donors' conference was expected to be held at the UN headquarters in New York in March, however, took more than three months to hold the UN conference. The US military initially gave priority to military units in order to secure the airport, distribute aid, and provide security, but after that, incoming relief flights were cleared or rejected on a first-come, first-served basis.  Four other MSF aircraft were also turned away. Books & Ideas. The earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010 registered at 7.0 magnitude, with its epicentre 25 kilometres away from Port-au-Prince, the most densely populated area in the country. During Haiti's time as a French colony, earthquakes were recorded by French historian Moreau de Saint-Méry (1750–1819). Eighty percent of the population lived below the poverty line. In 2016 Haiti was struck by Hurricane Matthew which leveled entire communities and caused an upsurge in the ongoing cholera epidemic which was introduced to the island by United Nations peacekeepers. But Haiti's quake was 6.2 miles below the surface. By 2011, just when the CIA World Factbook reported that Haiti's economy was starting to recover, two hurricanes hit. By 2014, their GDP was $18.3 billion and grew just 2.3%.  The Canadian government worked to expedite around 100 adoption cases that were already underway when the earthquake struck, issuing temporary permits and waiving regular processing fees; the federal government also announced that it would cover adopted children's healthcare costs upon their arrival in Canada until they could be covered under provincially administered public healthcare plans. Central Intelligence Agency.  Workers from the charity Save the Children reported hearing "already weakened structures collapsing" in Port-au-Prince, but most sources reported no further significant damage to infrastructure in the city. I have heard the estimate that as many as 20,000 people will die each day that would have been saved by surgery. , Former US president Bill Clinton acknowledged the problems and said Americans should "not be deterred from supporting the relief effort" by upsetting scenes such as those of looting.  In an interview on 21 January, Leo Merores, Haiti's ambassador to the UN, said that he expected the port to be fully functional again within two weeks. Witnesses told reporters that the sea first retreated and a "very big wave" followed rapidly, crashing ashore and sweeping boats and debris into the ocean..  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