Other spirits that are produced from other fruit or from a cereal grain are called "rachiu" or "rachie". How alcohol was made was a mysterious enigma. Țuica este o băutură alcoolică tradițională românească obținută prin fermentarea și distilarea prunelor. Cider/perry was the standout growth category as consumption habits in Romania aligned more closely with those in Western countries, aided by new flavours and product packaging. The meaning was later transferred to fruit spirits while wheat distillates were referred to as crematura. Pálinka as a geographical indication (in other terms, a product with protected designation of origin or PDO) has been officially registered in the European Union since 2004. , Palinca reprezintă 40% din consumul de băuturi spirtoase în România și 75% din exportul de acestea.. Ó ('old') is a pálinka aged for at least 12 months in a wooden cask smaller than 1000 litres, or for at least 24 months in a wooden cask of 1000 litres or above. A relative will be in Romania for 4 weeks, this summer. Other fruits that are often used are sour cherries, apples, mulberries, and quince. The second step in the production process is fermentation. Some fruits (e.g., apple, pear, quince) are ground in order to make the mash soft. Textbooks and publications also began to appear on the subject around this time. Private distilleries and factories started to appear towards the end of the eighteenth century, which led to legislation and to the introduction of a pálinka tax. Cazacu , Sorin, "The Battle for Palinka", in EU Observer,Transitions Online (03/04/2003), product with protected designation of origin, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/food-safety-and-quality/certification/quality-labels/geographical-indications-register/, https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/food-safety-and-quality/certification/quality-labels/geographical-indications-register/includes/showSpecification.cfm?attachmentId=55652, Codex Alimentarius Austriacus B 23 - Spirituosen, Act 73/2008 about pálinka, törkölypálinka, and Pálinka National Council, A description of the palinka with protected designation of origin (in Hungarian), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pálinka&oldid=995404454, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, it is fermented exclusively from fruit (excluding concentrates and dried fruits) grown in Hungary, and free of additional ingredients, and, it is grown, distilled and bottled in Hungary, and, it is not rectified higher than 86% and is bottled with at least 37.5%. Kisüsti (literally 'small pot, cauldron') is a double-distilled pálinka made in a copper pot not exceeding a volume of 1000 litres. This is more than the population of Romania. The role of Jewish lenders and businessmen also grew with the production of alcohol, and Saint Michael was designated patron saint of distilling. It is the brand "pálinka" that is protected by Hungarian and EU law, hence producers outside of Hungary are not allowed to use the brand "pálinka" for their products, but they are free to produce fruit spirits and sell them under different names. Barack (pronounced "baratsk") is a type of pálinka made of, Farnadi, Éva (ed. Dried fruits are excluded from the mash only, and may be used in the aging process. Palinca sau pălinca (în maghiară Pálinka) este o băutură alcoolică tradițională din Ungaria și România, cu un conținut ridicat de alcool (52% procentajul legal). Tuica from Romania. Producătorii de pălincă din România se întorc acasă cu marele premiu și zeci de medalii câștigate la Quintessence, cel mai mare concurs de băuturi distilate din regiune.. România demonstrează la început de 2019 că are producători de pălincă ce au depășit dimensiunea tradițională a acestui distilat transilvănean. Fiecare are gustul foarte bine pus în valoare. O pălincă bună e cea care armonizează tăria cu aroma fructului. The closest reference point for this wine is a Nero D’Avola in that it has real black fruit power and alcohol (14.5% ABV) but wrapped tightly around a fresh, mineral core. The words pálinka (in Hungarian), pálenka (Polish, Czech and Slovak) and pălincă (Romanian) derive from the Slavonic stem paliti, 'to burn, to distill'. Alcohol can be added to the liquid which forms to make them stronger, and these drinks can sometimes be served with some of the original fruit in the glass. It was not long before a pálinka tax was introduced, and by 1850 distillation was a state monopoly. Modern commercial production occurs in Hungary and parts of Austria. “Pălinca” or “ţuica” is a beverage of at least 50% alcohol, obtained through fruit fermentation and double distillation, without additional sugar, synthetic aromas, colorants, alcohol or other ingredients. In Hungary, one can ferment a batch of fruit mash at home, then take the fermented mash to a distiller, who can then legally distill the mash to the desired strength. And there are plenty more telling figures. Pălinca tradiționala de cazan mic, datorită fermentării și distilării dirijate, îmbuteliată, conține armonia fructelor produse în zona Nirajului si a Târnavelor. While pálinka has PDO on its own, some regions of Hungary are especially suitable for the production of certain fruits, and pálinka of excellent quality has been produced in those regions for centuries. 1576/89 al Consiliului, Romulus Dascalu, presedintele Organizatiei Patronale a Industriei Alcoolului si Bauturilor Alcoolice - GARANT, 2002, Care este diferența esențială între țuică și pălincă. It is illegal to drive a car after drinking any amount of alcohol. Instalatia de fierbere si distilare tip cazan mic, reunește tradiţia şi tehnologia modernă a zilelor noastre. The use of wheat was banned, and distillation was forbidden on religious holidays. It is commonly made from the fermentation of plums, but other fruits used include apricots, apples, pears, peaches and cherries. The third step in the production process is distillation. Festivalul Internaţional de Poezie organizat de Revista Poesis şi Concursul judeţean de Pălincă. In any given year 23 million people are dependent on alcohol across the continent. In Hungary, only these local variations are referred to as pálinka with protected designations of origin. la comercializarea pentru consum; k) depozitarea, păstrarea și învechirea produsului se realizează în vase din lemn, inox sau din. Ţuică is a traditional Romanian alcoholic beverage, usually made from plums. The most alcoholic pálinkas are (informally) referred to as kerítésszaggató in Hungarian, which literally means "fence-ripper" (referring to a drunkard's loss of balance) or "guggolós" ("squatter"), referring to the action required while walking near the windows of the houses of non-professional distillers to avoid getting invited (again) to taste their home-made pálinka. 110/2008 AL PARLAMENTULUI EUROPEAN ȘI AL CONSILIULUI din 15 ianuarie 2008, privind definirea, desemnarea, prezentarea, etichetarea și protecția indicațiilor geografice ale, băuturilor spirtoase și de abrogare a Regulamentului (CEE) nr. These potent, home-made, házi (home-made) pálinkas are commercially available in small portions and are very common in the countryside. The quality of pálinka is largely influenced by the quality of the fruit used, hence the distiller has to choose good quality fruit with a rich taste. Wine production that year was 3.3 million hectolitres, making Romania the fifth largest in … The process is faster and cheaper than distillation in a pot still, and hence the resulting pálinka is cheaper. Legislation legalized small home distillers in 2010.. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Romania. The word pálinka became widespread in Hungary in the 17th century, but it still referred to distillates made from grain. Pălincă tradițională - de cazan mic. Other spirits made in Romania include two herbal concoctions from Transylvania, both similar to the Hungarian drink Unicum. While pálinka may be made of any locally grown fruit, the most common ones are plums, apricots, apples, pears, and cherries.. Romania population density. Diferența dintre țuică și pălincă constă în faptul că țuica se produce doar din prune. Alcohol in Romania: Beer, Wines & Spirits Best known internationally for its cheap yet good wine, Romania also offers some decent beer and very strong spirits. Does Romania has any Special Alcohol that are worth buying? , As a consequence of this regulation, a whole family of popular Hungarian products were rebranded as szeszes ital (spirit drinks). The second distillation has the biggest influence on the quality of the pálinka and thus requires special skills. Not all varieties of pálinka can be aged in wooden casks because the wood can cancel the fruity taste of the drink. In Austria, four provinces are allowed to label local apricot spirits as Barack Palinka (transliteration of Hungarian barackpálinka): Burgenland, Lower Austria, Styria, and Vienna. So make sure to give it a try as it is a veritable panacea. Palinca sau pălinca (în maghiară Pálinka) este o băutură alcoolică tradițională din Ungaria și România, cu un conținut ridicat de alcool (52% procentajul legal). Protected as a geographical indication of the European Union, only fruit spirits mashed, distilled, matured and bottled in Hungary, and similar apricot spirits from four provinces of Austria can be called "pálinka", while "Tótpálinka" refers to wheat-derived beverages. Some fruits, like quince, require an additive to start the fermentation process (e.g., citric acid). This caused some confusion in neighbouring countries, as some claimed that producers of fruit spirits would have to pay a royalty to Hungary. Pálinka can be purchased throughout Hungary, sampled at restaurants, and ordered online. One in four Romanians drink alcohol on a typical day, according to a recent GfK study that analyzes why, where, what, how and how often Romanians drink. Most of the brands re-categorized as spirit drinks, however, are cheap mixtures of flavorings, water, and rectified spirit.. The production of Hungarian pálinka is regulated by local law LXXIII of 2008, often referred to as "pálinka law", which is based on the regulation of generic fruit spirits of the European Union. Distillation in a column still involves a single distillation. Does Romania has any Special Alcohol that are worth buying? Alcoholic drinks in Romania recorded further on-trade and off-trade volume growth in 2019 in the context of an improving economic background. Pălinca românească cucerește Europa! Nonetheless, keep in mind that Tuica is actually a plum brandy, and the percentage of alcohol in it can differ between 23 and 80%. Pálinka distilled in a pot still is always double distilled. Transilvania is home to many ethnic Hungarians, which is probably how the drink first came to be produced in the region. Pălincă is tyipcally made in Transilvania (Carpathian Valley Region), but is enjoyed across Romania. Pálinka, Hungarian fruit brandy, is a strong alcoholic beverage appreciated for its potency, flavor, and fragrance. Unlike Hungarian pálinka, its Austrian counterpart may not be made with column stills, and in order to achieve a full character, careful slow distillation is required by law.. However, if you are a true Romanian then your family probably makes their own at home. Commercially available pálinka is always distilled in one of the registered distilleries. Slivovitz, slivovitza, slivovitsa, sliboviță, šljivovica, śliwowica, Schlivowitz, slivovice, slivovica or slivovka is a fruit spirit (or fruit brandy) made from damson plums, often referred to as plum spirit (or plum brandy). The larger scale production of distillates, pálinka and liqueurs from 1799 resulted in guidelines being drawn up for distillation, and the priority rights granted to landowners were made law. The fermentation is carried out in an anaerobic environment. The main difference between them is that a ciorba is usually going to have a sour component while a supa doesn’t. The középpárlat is the one that gives the body of the distillate. Tuica—or Romanian plum brandy—is fermented and distilled plums. This spirit was probably a spirit blended with rosemary, and had its use in medicine, as both the king and the queen suffered from arthritis. Archived Comments are locked. An alcoholic beverage may be called pálinka if: While pálinka is traditionally made from a mash of ripe fruit, the law does not control the addition of non-concentrated fruit juice, and explicitly allows the use of fruit pulp. Érlelt ('aged') is a pálinka aged for at least three months in a wooden cask smaller than 1000 litres, or for at least six months in a wooden cask of 1000 litres or above. Based on 2016 data, with an area under vine of 191k hectares, Romania was similar in size to Chile and Portugal. There are other kinds of brandy which also fall into this category such as Visinata, a sour cherry brandy & Rachiu de pere, a pear brandy. Close. Romania population density is 78.9 people per square kilometer (204.5/mi 2) as of December 2020. The last step in the process is aging. In the second step, the taste of the fruit is extracted from the fermented mash. Tratatul de Aderare a Ungariei la UE (2004) menționează că „rachiul de fructe poate fi denumit Pálinka numai pentru băutura spirtoasă produsă în Ungaria și pentru distilatele de piersici produse numai în următoarele zone ale Austriei: Niederösterreich, Burgenland, Steiermark și Viena”. The most common pálinkas are made from apricots, pears, and plums. Diferența dintre țuică și pălincă constă în faptul că țuica se produce doar din prune. The 18th century when peasant breweries were shut down ( home-made ) pálinkas commercially... 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