Try logging in through your institution for access. Carol Benedict Golden‐Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550–2010.Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Tobacco leaves are sun-dried to reduce the toxicity. China includes approximately one‐fifth of the world's population, and has the world's second largest economy. The chairman and his cigarette lighting fans, 1957. The Qing Administration originally tolerated opium importation because it created an indirect tax on Chinese subjects, while allowing the British to double tea exports from China to England. More than half of all adult men in China are regular smokers. Square dancing in Russia's most famous square. On his arrival at Guangzhou, Lin banned the sale of opium, demanded that all opium be surrendered to the Chinese authorities, and required that all foreign traders sign a "no opium trade" bond. Here he speaks with former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, while preparing to light up: US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in conversation with Deng Xiaoping. In the year just before he died, however, Li Ê sadly noted that although his desire for tobacco was still great, he could no longer smoke because his lungswere diseased (fei ji).¹ Physicians in attendance at the time of Li’s passing would not have explained his affliction in terms of cancer, emphysema, or any other smoking-related illness now associated with tobacco. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Pp. In 1637, Qing Dynasty (AD 1644â1911) Emperor Kangxi expanded the death penalty to those who possess tobacco. Farmlands were inspected to eliminate opium poppies.